Arizona Parks & Recreation Association - Arizona Parks & Recreation Magazine, Summer 2022

O F F I C I A L P U B L I C A T I O N O F T H E A R I Z O N A P A R K S A N D R E C R E A T I O N A S S O C I A T I O N S U M M E R 2 0 2 2 15 NRPA Annual Conference 12 Vision and Mission: How Important are They? 5 6 President’s Message Rachael Goodwin, APRA President 7 Call for Leadership Nominations 7 Annual Awards Submission Deadline 8 City of Mesa Debuts Esports Tournaments 11 APRF Golf Tournament and Scholarship Program 12 Vision and Mission: How Important are They? 15 2022 NRPA Annual Conference Update 16 APRA Members Presenting at the 2022 NRPA Annual Conference 19 Awards and Certifications 21 Relief from the Heat: Developing a Standard for Shading Playgrounds PLEASE NOTE: Editorial and contents of this magazine reflect the records of the Arizona Parks and Recreation Association (APRA). APRA has done its best to provide useful and accurate information, but please take into account that some information does change. E&M Consulting, Inc., publishers, and APRA take no responsibility for the accuracy of the information printed, inadvertent omissions or printing errors. We take no responsibility regarding representations or warranties concerning the content of advertisements of products/services for a particular use, including all information, graphics, copyrighted materials, and assertions included in the advertisements. The reader is advised to independently check all information before basing decisions on such information. Any views or opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of E&M Consulting, Inc., publishers. On the Cover: Want to run an article or have your project featured in the next issue? Submit your content to before the deadline of September 2 for the fall 2022 issue. GREGG BACH Editor in Chief 602.256.3437 E&M Consulting, Inc. p. 800.572.0011 MANAGERS Caleb Tindal & Kayla Grams LAYOUT & DESIGN Haley Paulson COPY EDITOR(S) Molly Muth Victoria Luing For information regarding advertising, please contact us at or 800.572.0011 x8005. PUBLISHED BY A lofty shade structure offers some relief from the heat. Photo Credit: PUBLISHED FOR Arizona Parks and Recreation Association 12950 North 7th Street Phoenix, AZ 85022 @AZParksRec Facebook: azparksrec LinkedIn: Arizona Parks and Recreation Association Instagram: azparksrec Connect with Us

6 Arizona Parks & Recreation welcome Arizona is special. I think we can all agree on that. Those of us who call Arizona home know the wonders, beauty and character that contribute to this extraordinary place. Sure, we have one of the “seven wonders of the world,” but we are more than the Colorado River, more than the Grand Canyon and more than a deser t with “dry heat.” Living here, we have an appreciation for rustic landscapes, cotton candy-colored sunsets, snow-capped peaks, hidden waterways, deser t wildflowers, majestic saguaro and so many other gems you cannot find anywhere else. Those of us who call this state home know that Arizona means: Snowbowl skiing, Lake Havasu boating, Verde River kayaking, indigenous culture discovering, spring baseball cheering, red rock hiking, vor tex seeking, mineral mining, date shake slurping, Sonoran hot dog chowing and on and on. There is no limit to the fantastic experiences that make Arizona one of a kind. And now we, Arizona parks and recreation professionals, have the tremendous privilege of showcasing our state to our industry peers, colleagues and friends nationwide. As the host of the 2022 National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA) Annual Conference, APRA members are poised to not just welcome our visitors, but to invite them to richly experience the many facets of Arizona. This September, APRA and our members will welcome thousands of our fellow professionals to this great state. Our oppor tunity to shine as a state is not limited to our beautiful surroundings. Arizona leaders will also be paving the way within the conference experience as well. Many cities, towns and communities will be featured at the conference, representing the very best of our professional industry. With a variety of off-site excursions and activities, visitors will see and learn about the amazing things we are doing within our state. Guests will have the opportunity to check out a wide range of parks and discuss integral projects such as the development of regional parks, natural resource management along the Rio Salado corridor, trends in splash pad and playground design, or cultural and conservation partnerships. Our history and culture will also be on display as visitors enjoy the Phoenix Art Museum or explore the architecture of Frank LloydWright atTaliesinWest. During the conference, leaders from throughout our state will be teaching, presenting and helping to guide the future of our profession. Representatives from Phoenix,Tucson, Maricopa County and other areas will lead discussions on management, programming, marketing and more. Other agencies will be competing for top honors in the “Best of the Best,” and Fountain Hills will be vying for the National Gold Medal Award.We have no shortage of cutting-edge leaders, programs and agencies in our state, and I’m proud to see them take center stage in so many ways. There is no denying it: Arizona, as a destination and a home to the parks and recreation industry, is exceptional. And it is each of you, those that serve our communities, that make ‘exceptional’ possible. So, I urge you to begin planning for the NRPA Annual Conference, where our state will be front and center. Get signed up for an activity or off-site excursion, and encourage your colleagues from around the country to do the same. Be sure to join us in representing Arizona and purchase and wear our official “Arizona” conference shir t (learn more on page 15), knowing that we represent the best and brightest of parks and recreation. Rachael Goodwin APRA President PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE Recruiting for Editor in Chief APRA is seeking a new Editor in Chief to guide production of its quar ter ly magazine. The Editor in Chief works with APRA staff and members to gather and develop content that highlights the work of parks and recreation professionals throughout the state of Arizona. This is a volunteer position that requires a minimum two-year commitment. Those who are interested should contact Executive Director Samantha Coffman at 7 Executive Board Rachael Goodwin, President Wayne Barnett, President-Elect Miranda Gomez, Vice President Stacia Holmes, Secretary Kat Mase, Treasurer Committee Leadership Tina Royer, Program Chair Jeneea Jervay-Bush, Membership Chair Brandon Washington, Marketing Chair Jordan Lynde, Vendor Chair Kade Nelson, Young Professional Chair Regional Representation Jak Teel, North Region Rep Jennifer Waller, Central Region Rep Bob Stinson, South Region Rep Jeremy Palmer, West Region Rep Kia Gaethje, East Region Rep APRA Staff Samantha Coffman, Executive Director/CEO Krista VanderMolen, Deputy Director To view a complete Board of Directors listing, Submissions for 2022 APRA Awards Due August 1 The Arizona Parks and Recreation Association’s Awards Program highlights the efforts of those who go above and beyond to make a difference in the community. The awards honor communities throughout the state of Arizona that demonstrate excellence in long-range planning, resource management and innovative approaches to delivering highlevel parks and recreation services with fiscally sound business practices. The program includes 13 categories. Each calendar year, agencies are invited to submit entries for consideration. A panel of parks and recreation professionals review and judge all application materials. Judges are chosen for their considerable experience and knowledge in parks and recreation on both the local and national level. The submission deadline is August 1, 2022. There will be NO extensions! The awards banquet will be held on Friday, November 4, 2022, at the Fountain Hills Community Center. Visit for full details on award categories and a link to the submission form. APRA LEADERSHIP CALL FOR NOMINATIONS Are you a professional member interested in taking on a new leadership opportunity that gives back to your industry and helps shape the future work of APRA? Or, do you know of a colleague in parks and recreation that would be a great fit for the APRA Board of Directors or committees? If the answer is yes, we would love to hear from you! To nominate yourself or anonymously nominate a colleague, go to the APRA website and click on the scrolling tile from the homepage. APRA is beginning to accept nominations for its 2023 Board of Directors.This year, we are filling the positions of president (vice president 2022, president-elect 2023, president 2024), region representatives, and various committee chairs and committee members. Did you realize that when you serve as an elected officer, committee chairperson or committee member, you can earn PSEs (Professional Service Experience credits) that enable you to renew professional cer tifications? The APRA ballot for new board members will be sent this fall. Please complete the form soon if you, or someone you would like to nominate, are interested! In addition to each board position, APRA has several committees that need volunteers to serve in suppor ting roles. If you would be interested in serving in a suppor ting role, complete the bottom of the form. The APRA Board of Directors will be reviewing the list of candidates in late September, elections will be held in fall 2022, and the term would begin January 1, 2023. Questions? Email the APRA office at Deadline to submit an application is September 18.

8 Arizona Parks & Recreation he City of Mesa eagerly jumped into the world of Espor ts in spring 2022, hosting two tournaments for par ticipants ages 12 to 18. The Mesa Parks, Recreation and Community Facilities team at Eagles Community Center put on a Mario Kar t tournament on the evening of April 23 and a Super Smash Bros tournament on the evening of April 29. Both events were sponsored by Raising Cane’s, which provided free food and raffle prizes to par ticipants. The events were put together by Recreation Coordinator Katie DeVenuto, Recreation Programmer Aaron Garcia and Recreation Assistant Jonathan Franco.With a total of 56 par ticipants between both tournaments, these events were a good size to test out the new venture.The winners of each event went home with a new Nintendo Switch controller, new friends, and memories for a lifetime. CITY OF MESA DEBUTS TOURNAMENTS

10 Arizona Parks & Recreation 11 Our Mission Arizona Parks and Recreation Fellowship (APRF) is committed to financially suppor ting parks, recreation and leisure-oriented educational development and scholarships, research, advocacy and community enrichment.We accomplish these goals through various fundraising events throughout the year, including the famous Silent Auction and 50/50 raffle at the APRA Annual Conference. APRF/APRA Scholarship Program We are proud to continue our par tnership with APRA and offer our scholarship and cer tification assistance program. We are accepting applications for the following scholarships and cer tification assistance programs: •  Michael A. Ramnes Professional Scholarships to attend the NRPA Conference or an NRPA Management School (up to $750) •  Dave Bang Associates Professional Scholarship to attend a non-NRPA-related conference or educational oppor tunity (up to $500 in-state or up to $750 out-of-state) •  College Scholarships for full-time students enrolled in parks and recreation or other appropriate leisure degree programs (up to $500) •  College Scholarships for full-time working professionals who are enrolled in parks and recreation or other appropriate leisure degree programs (up to $500) •  Professional Certification reimbursement grant for professionals to assist with the cost of course or cer tification test (up to $150) “It has been an honor serving as the APRF Chair over the years. I have been fortunate to work with an amazing group of professionals on the board, as well as develop great partnerships with municipalities and vendors. I love being able to give back to our profession. It’s been great being able to award scholarships to parks and recreation professionals and up-and-coming students and watch them as they grow in their careers.” Bryan Hughes is the Director of Parks and Recreation for the city of Avondale and a past President of APRA. He has served as the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Arizona Parks and Recreation Fellowship (APRF) since 2013. BOARD MEMBER SPOTLIGHT Bryan Hughes For more details and application information, visit As always, thank you for your support of APRA andAPRF. If you’re interested in ser ving on the APRF Board, please contact Board President Br yan Hughes at If you don’t have employee development funds to attend this national conference, consider applying for an APRF Scholarship to help fund your attendance. APRF is now accepting scholarship applications through July 31, 2022. The Scholarship Committee will review applications and notify applicants in early August. Apply online at The 2022 NRPA Annual Conference Local Host Committee will kick off conference week by hosting a golf tournament on Monday, September 19 at 7:30 a.m. Proceeds from the tournament benefit the Arizona Parks and Recreation Fellowship (APRF). SCAN ME

12 Arizona Parks & Recreation Prior to star ting my own business, Creating Community LLC, I can honestly say the vision and mission statements of the organizations I worked at really did not have an impact on me. They were never really discussed or actually used for guidance. I probably rarely knew the statements, but knew they were located on the website and could find them if I needed to. However, my opinion has changed regarding the impor tance of purpose for employees based on a strategy I use called, Tell Me All About It, in the Building Your Team Toward Their Collective Purpose retreat that is par t of the APRA outreach tour. In the Tell Me All About It strategy, I ask individuals to reflect on how they commit to the vision and/or mission of the organization. Next, I have them reflect on what more they can do to suppor t the mission and/or vision of the organization (this second question has the potential for future innovative ideas to arise and/or find the group’s future focus). Two simple questions, but big results for the team. The process of having employees reflect individually, then discuss their thoughts with their team members has proven to be effective. It assists in showing teams how they are connected, even across divisions, and often times I hear teams say it was nice to know/be reminded we are all working toward the same purpose, as we forget sometimes and stay in our silos—again, simple, but effective. So, a few thoughts to ponder on your own vision, mission and/or value statements. First, what are they and why are they important? Your mission statement speaks to what you do and the goals you aim to reach.This is your everyday statement. Your vision statement focuses on your long-term goal—it’s how you hope to shape your industry, regional attitudes or even the world. Your values, if you choose to identify these (great fun for teams to develop these together), are what the people in your organization stand for. What happens if you don’t have these figured out, or they’re outdated and irrelevant? Ask 10 different people what your company stands for, and you may get 10 different answers. That means 10 different people are possibly working toward 10 different goals, and they’re all on slightly different paths. VISION AND MISSION: HOW IMPORTANT ARE THEY? By Annie Frisoli, Founder and CEO of Creating Community LLC I was recently given the honor and privilege to partner with the Arizona Parks and Recreation Association to host a spring outreach tour, and worked with eight magnificent teams around the state within a two-week period. While driving to the corners of the state and meeting with teams numerous days in a row, I had some time to reflect on topics related to leadership, teams and communication. 13 While organizations intentionally divide responsibilities and have multiple channels to reach their goals, the end point must be the same.We might all be drifting on different tributaries, but we have to end up in the same lake if we’re going to accomplish anything meaningful. Challenge: How quickly and accurately can you answer these questions? •  What is the one thing that everyone in your organization is working toward? • What does your agency do, and why? •  What does your company stand for? What are the prevailing beliefs in your company culture? Now that you have your answers, compare them to your current mission statement, vision statement and company values. How closely do they match up? If they’re not aligned, this could mean your current statements either don’t speak to your agency today, or they’re not being utilized correctly. On the other hand, if you nailed it, then way to go! But just one more follow-up question. Do you believe that every person in your organization could do an equally awesome job answering these questions? Again, if your answer is yes, then way to go! Finally, if you are considering designing new statements, here are some tips to consider in assisting you with the design of your mission, vision and values. •  Work together as a group to discuss the current statements or the need for new, including the leadership team and voices from every level. Not inviting others into the conversation provides an opportunity for team members to not take ownership. •  Speak with your community members/ customers to find out what matters to them and how they see you—this can be eye opening. •  Look at example statements from companies you admire. •  Keep the statements shor t.They should be easy for your staff to remember. •  Take your statements through multiple rounds of revisions.You want to be able to use these for many, many years. •  Once you have your completed statements, spread awareness and ensure everyone understands them. •  Make a big deal of the new— create an employee function around them, thank everyone who has par ticipated, hand out swag that highlights your purpose and make it par t of your company culture! If you are interested in hosting a team retreat this fall, I will once again be par tnering with APRA to host another round of the Building Your Team Toward Their Collective Purpose retreat. The tour will run from November 30 to December 9. The deadline to register is Monday, September 26. The Central, Nor th and West Regions will be the focus, and eight “tour stops” will be available. Feel free to contact me, Annie Frisoli, at to discuss details or keep an eye on your emails from APRA! Annie Frisoli, Founder & CEO of Creating Community LLC, is an international facilitator and keynote presenter who leads audiences in discussions related to leadership, team development and communication. Frisoli is a former university faculty member within parks and recreation management of nearly 20 years and has also worked with numerous teams in a variety of capacities, including operations for major events, strategic planning sessions for boards and as a development coordinator for a national nonprofit. 15 TOURSANDACTIVITIES • ASU/Phoenix Downtown Campus Story and Tour • Rio Salado—Reimagined • Hance Park Conservancy • Fountain Hills Destination Park and Splash Pad • Maricopa County Parks—Lake Pleasant • East Valley Park and Facilities Tour • Phoenix Ar t Museum • Horseback Ride at South Mountain Park • Golf Tournament—Whirlwind Golf Club • Yoga at the Japanese Friendship Garden • 5K Fun Run through Downtown Phoenix • Sedona (Self-Guided)—Friday Day Tour VOLUNTEERS NEEDEDTO HELP STAFFALLACTIVITIESANDTOURS If you are interested in helping, contact the Volunteer Coordinator, Stacy Swainston at REPRESENTARIZONA Show your suppor t and represent APRA at the NRPA Conference by ordering a special Arizona tee. Bulk orders for an agency can be coordinated through the APRA office. Individual shir ts can be purchased through the APRA website: Deadline to purchase is August 1. The back side of the t-shir t lists all Arizona member agencies. Annual Conference UPDATE 2022 NRPA Visit for more information. APRA tours and activities will be offered on Monday, September 19. Scan the QR code to sign up!

16 Arizona Parks & Recreation Becky Kuiper Chandler Community Services, Recreation Superintendent Why a Goldfish is the Happiest Animal on Earth and Other Leadership Lessons fromTed Lasso Co-Presenter: Mark Foote, City of Mesa,AZ Sometimes the challenge of leadership can be quite agonizing. However, a leader’s ability to lean into that discomfor t can be fundamental in defining their success. Emmy-winning series “Ted Lasso” may be an enter taining comedy, but a deeper dive into Coach Lasso’s unique methods to motivate and lead his team reveals a series of critical and relevant leadership lessons. These leadership lessons will help recreation professionals engage, develop and retain high performance work groups and teams. In this session we will explore 10 of Lasso’s most applicable leadership lessons and how to transform your organizational culture by implementing them. Eileen Baden Maricopa County Parks and Recreation Department, Park and Open Space Planner R.J. Cardin Maricopa County Parks and Recreation Department, Director Parks Vision 2030—Maricopa County Regional Park Planning for the Phoenix Metro Area Maricopa County Parks and Recreation Depar tment ser ves the four th largest county in the nation, including greater Phoenix. Learn about recent planning effor ts to protect and expand regional parks, trails and open space across one of the most biologically diverse ecosystems in the wor ld, the Sonoran Deser t. Established in 1953, the park system grew rapidly with assistance from the Bureau of Land Management, utilizing the Recreation and Public Purposes Act. Twelve parks across 120,000 acres provide abundant natural resources, outdoor recreation oppor tunities and educational programs. Maricopa County par tners with the Tonto National Forest and Bureau of Land Management, which provides thousands of acres of recreational oppor tunities to county residents, as well as with the Bureau of Reclamation, providing a 10,000-acre lake. The Parks Vision 2030 plan focuses on protecting open space, wildlife connectivity, and ensuring future generations have access to exceptional regional parks, trails and nature-based experiences. Claire Miller City of Phoenix Natural Resources Division, Park/Preserve Supervisor Managing E-Bikes and Other EmergingTechnology/ Modes of Travel on Natural SurfaceTrails This session will discuss the use of e-bikes and other emerging technology on natural surface trails.The session’s target audience is trail managers, but the information could be interesting to a variety of parks and recreation professionals. Courtney Johnson City of Phoenix Parks and Recreation Department Knocking Social Media Out of the Park Social media and marketing for parks. APRA MEMBERS PRESENTING AT THE 2022 NRPA Annual Conference 17 Kathleen Mase City of Phoenix Parks and Recreation Department FitPHX FitPHX: A citywide health and wellness initiative built on innovative collaborations and par tnerships providing residents with resources to be healthier. Alonso Avitia City of Phoenix Parks and Recreation Department Achieving a Collective Community’s $100 Million Grand Vision through Dynamic Planning, Design and Construction: Margaret T. Hance Park Kelly Martinez City of Phoenix Parks and Recreation Department Just Blow Your Whistle:Why Guards Fail to Recognize AND Emergencies are Stressful:Will the Lifeguard Freeze? Becky Kirk City of Phoenix Parks and Recreation Department Fifteen Fantastic First Aid Activities Tracee Hall City of Phoenix Parks and Recreation Department Diverse Play, Equitable Recreation and InclusiveWork Identifying and addressing microaggressions and implicit bias in parks and recreation programming and facilities. Annette Soto City of Phoenix Parks and Recreation Department Rated “T” for Teens PHXteens: created by teens for teens. Dawnee Moreno, Aaron Sanchez and Lara Hamwey City of Tucson Ready, Set, Rec! — Mobile Recreation

19 City of Tucson Michael Olivas with the City of Tucson Parks and Recreation Depar tment recently completed the National Recreation and Park Association’s (NRPA) Cer tified Playground Safety Inspector (CPSI) program. City of Tucson Parks and Recreation Department—Michael Olivas Town of Queen Creek Recreation Supervisor Erica Perez and Recreation Technician Ashley Archer received a cer tification from the Special Event Safety Seminar.They were joined at the seminar by Police Depar tment Lieutenant Noah Johnson and Sergeant Nicholas Myers, who also completed the training.The two depar tments work collaboratively on community engagement and safety. The seminar covered a variety of topics related to the technical and legal logistics of event safety, and the training was attended by representatives from municipalities nationwide. Town of Queen Creek (left to right)—Erica Perez, Ashley Archer, Nicholas Myers and Noah Johnson. City of Phoenix Aquatics Supervisor Becky Kirk (Hulett) and Recreation Coordinator Kelly Mar tinez were named to the 2022 Aquatics International Power List.They both received their awards at the Association of Aquatic Professionals Conference. City of Phoenix Aquatics staff—Becky Kirk (Hulett) (left) and Kelly Martinez AWARDS AND CERTIFICATIONS 21 InTucson, shade is not a luxury, it’s a necessity.The city’s parks and recreation department has consistently heard from residents their desire for more shade everywhere, especially at playgrounds. Putting shade structures over playgrounds became a higher priority thanks to a $225-million General Obligation bond package for parks capital improvements that was developed in 2018. The depar tment maintains 148 playgrounds, but only 44 had shade structures over the play equipment prior to this bond package. Most of the existing shade structures were funded by the Tucson Parks Foundation, the depar tment’s nonprofit par tner.The bond package, approved by voters in November 2018, included adding shade to 17 existing playgrounds, building 58 new playgrounds with shade structures and replacing two shade structures over existing playgrounds.When the bond work is complete, the depar tment will have added shade to 77 playgrounds. “Shade is so impor tant in a deser t climate like Tucson, where the sun shines all year long,” Mayor Regina Romero said. “This policy recognizes us as a leader in the field, being proactive in protecting our community from the danger of the sun’s heat and UV rays, as well as allowing for more hours of play on protected play equipment.” There are three key benefits of shading playgrounds: 1. Reducing people’s exposure to harmful ultraviolet rays. 2. Reducing the temperatures on playground equipment surfaces. 3. Reducing sun exposure to playground equipment and extending the life span of the equipment. As the depar tment began accepting bids for playground shade projects in 2019, it became apparent that vendors were proposing different-size shade structures, as well as different pricing. Staff members began researching if a standard existed for constructing shade structures over playgrounds. After searching the internet, reaching out to other parks and recreation agencies across the county and speaking with shade contractors, it was determined no such standard existed.The depar tment decided to develop a playground shade standard for the city. Verifying the hottest months of the year, hottest times of the day and times when ultraviolet rays are the strongest was the first step in the process. According to, the average high temperature in Tucson is 90 degrees or hotter in May (90.4), June (100.2), July (99.6), August (97.4) and September (94.0), with the average during three of those months nearing 100 degrees. Cuyler Diggs, a local meteorologist with KGUN9 news, noted the hottest times of the day are between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., and ultraviolet rays are most intense between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. Finally, the depar tment considered when playgrounds are used the most. It conducted an informal survey of community members with children, and found non-working parents preferred using the playgrounds during the morning hours when it is cooler, and working parents preferred after-work hours during weekdays. Next, the depar tment drafted two shade-standard concepts to share with contractors, which addressed the size of the structure and the financial aspect of each project. RELIEF FROM THE HEAT DEVELOPING A STANDARD FOR SHADING PLAYGROUNDS By Greg Jackson,Tucson Parks and Recreation Department

22 Arizona Parks & Recreation Option 1: Based upon shading 100 percent of the playground footprint in June, July and August from: • 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. • 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. • 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. • noon to 3 p.m. Option 2: Based on shading the playground from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on July 15, the middle of the hottest three months of the year, for a percentage of the playground footprint: •  100 percent of the footprint (no sun on the playground footprint between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.). •  90 percent of the footprint. • 80 percent of the footprint. • 70 percent of the footprint. Key Findings Tucson Parks and Recreation asked all four of its job-order contractors for shade structures if the companies wanted to par ticipate in developing and evaluating the standard, and two of the four agreed. Staff members held three vir tual meetings to obtain input on the two draft options. Both companies agreed to evaluate the impact of the shadestructure size necessary to meet the draft playground shade standards. During this process, other notable ideas came to the forefront: •  Southern and western exposures typically experience the most heat, so slides should have a nor thern and eastern orientation whenever possible. •  Trees can also assist in shading the playground, but should not be planted so close that falling branches or leaves become a safety or maintenance concern. •  Trees planted on the south and west sides of a playground can help mitigate some of the heat during the hottest times of the year and day, and create a great location for benches in the shade. Other key elements incorporated into the playground shade standard are the following: •  The shade structure is intended to cover the main 2- to 5-year-old and 5- to 12-year-old playground equipment only. •  The shade structure is not intended to cover swings and other stand-alone elements. •  The shade-structure design should minimize sun exposure on slide surfaces. •  The shade structure should be at least 8 feet clear above the highest “mountable” surface of the play structure. “Mountable” includes platforms, safety rails and roofs. For this reason, if possible, existing play structures with plastic roofs over the platforms should have roofs removed and poles capped when a shade structure is constructed over them. •  Shade structures should maintain 12 feet minimum height above any grade. After evaluating the various draft options, the depar tment selected a playground shade-structure standard that provides shade over 80 percent of the playground footprint on July 15, from 11 a.m. until 4 p.m. During that time frame, no more than 20 percent of the playground footprint is to be exposed to sun. For example, a playground with a 1,000-square-foot area cannot have more than 200 square feet of sun exposure between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. on July 15. This approach will help ensure that the depar tment takes an equitable and financially reasonable approach to pricing and selecting bids for playground shade structures. This shade-structure standard can be modified to meet the needs of individual communities throughout the country, as many organizations are likely facing the same issue and can benefit from having a consistent policy.

2022 ANNUAL CONFERENCE FOR PARKS AND RECREATION WE RISE UP PHOENIX | SEPTEMBER 20–22, 2022 1 2 9 5 0 NO R T H 7T H S T R E E T P HO E N I X , A Z 8 5 0 2 2 P. 6 0 2 . 3 3 5 . 1 9 6 2 www. A Z P R A. o r g Presorted STD US Postage PAID Zip Code 54003 Permit No. 2